Waste Programs Division: Pollution Prevention (P2): About the Program

ADEQ's Pollution Prevention (P2) Program requires Arizona businesses to use their knowledge of their operations to reduce toxic substances at the source, minimize the generation of hazardous waste and prevent the release of pollutants into the environment.

The program requires all industrial facilities within a certain threshold of hazardous waste generation and toxic substance use to perform a P2 analysis and to file an annual P2 plan. The P2 plan becomes a stand-alone management tool that:

  • Documents P2 assessments that are performed;
  • Records the toxic substances used and emissions and wastes generated by facility operations;
  • Outlines specific P2 opportunities and performance goals within a suggested implementation schedule;
  • Creates a comprehensive database for planning and tracking success.

The success of Arizona's P2 program is due in part to the continued awareness among the regulated community of the benefits that come from participating in the program. Many companies understand the simple importance of P2 and have moved away from a pure compliance philosophy. They have learned that public expectations are a better gauge to drive their environmental programs, not minimum compliance with regulations. Businesses are beginning to establish overriding environmental principles designed to govern company-wide decision making and to ensure they are moving well beyond the minimum standards set by regulations.

About Our Program

As Arizona grows, so does the generation of hazardous waste and the use of toxic substances. One very good way for businesses and citizens to improve Arizona's environment is to reduce hazardous waste generation and the use and release of toxic substances. The purpose of the P2 Program is to:

  • Reduce the use of toxic substances in our state;
  • Emphasize the preference for source reduction over recycling, waste treatment or disposal;
  • Encourage reduction through use of methods such as:
    • Substitution with a less toxic chemical;
    • Product reformulation;
    • Process modification;
    • Improved housekeeping;
    • Recycling/Reclamation;
    • Conservation and Waste Minimization.

Our pollutant source reduction extends to:

The P2 concept includes the need to reduce without shifting the pollutant release between land, water or air.

Creating a Successful P2 Program for Your Business

Facilities have implemented a variety of P2 programs in Arizona. The following elements are considered important by the most successful P2 programs.

  • Facilities have a clear understanding of their P2 direction.
    • Have a definition of P2 and have either a facility or corporate P2 policy.
  • Facilities have a method for identifying and documenting wastes and emissions.
  • Facilities have P2 goals.
    • Have facility and or corporate P2 goals.
    • Using input solicited from employees and other sources, facility environmental leaders provide input into the corporate and facility goal setting processes.
    • Corporate P2 directives influence the program.
  • Facilities use a champion or facilitator or point person to lead the program.
    • Management supports P2 and commits the necessary resources to support P2 activities.
    • P2 is integrated into business planning.
  • Environmental considerations are part of business planning process.
    • Facility P2 goals are part of the business planning process.
    • P2 is used, whenever possible, in anticipation of future compliance requirements.
  • Priorities are assigned to waste streams.
  • Cross functional teams are used.
  • Sustainable P2 programs are cost effective.
  • P2 projects need to meet a rate of return on investment.
    • Facilities use financial and non-financial criteria to evaluate projects.
  • P2 progress is tracked and communicated.
    • Facilities are able to measure progress.
    • Facilities periodically publish results against goals.
    • Results are communicated to key people.
  • Facilities use quality tools in their P2 program (i.e. team based quality culture, ISO 9000/14000, use of Pareto principles, total quality management, etc.)
  • There is a responsibility and accountability for P2 results.
    • Many facilities tie waste and emissions accountability to the generating operation.
  • Facility P2 teams know their plant culture and pattern the program to that culture.
  • Recognition sustains employees motivation
    • Immediate recognition of early accomplishments help establish the P2 program.
    • Facility and/or corporate level recognition programs help sustain employee motivation.
  • Company resources support facility P2 programs.
    • Facilities have access to corporate resources for program implementation.
    • Facilities use external resources to aid their P2 program (i.e. corporate engineering, marketing, research, laboratories, outside suppliers)
  • Effective communication increases P2 awareness.
    • Have communication process within the facility and community.
  • P2 is integrated into pre-manufacturing decisions.
    • P2 begins at research, development and design phases of the product or process life.
    • Facilities work with equipment and raw material suppliers and customers to help identify P2 opportunities for products and processes.
  • Facilities use new technology to achieve significant improvement.

Need Assistance?

ADEQ staff can assist you with:

  • Completing a P2 plan; P2 plan amendments, and/or Annual Progress Reports,
  • Identifying P2 opportunities, or
  • Answering questions about the program requirements.

Jeanine Inman (602) 771-2351 or Farah Mohammadesmaeili (602) 771-2350 or Linneth Lopez (602) 771-4739 (bilingual in Spanish)
Arizona Department of Environmental Quality
Pollution Prevention Program - 5th Floor
1110 West Washington Street
Phoenix, Arizona 85007
(602) 771-2234 - Fax